Chandrayaan 3

Exploring New Horizons: India’s Chandrayaan 3 Sets Sail for the Moon

Chandrayaan 3: 14 July 2023, Sriharikota, Today, amidst much anticipation and excitement, India\’s Chandrayaan-3 embarked on its journey from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, carrying with it the dreams and aspirations of an entire nation. If successful, this mission will catapult India into the prestigious league of nations that have achieved controlled landings on the moon, joining the ranks of Russia, the United States, and China.


The majestic launch vehicle, aptly named the Bahubali rocket, is the formidable carrier of the moon lander, Vikram. Marking a significant advancement in space technology, Vikram is perched atop the Mark 3 heavy-lift launch vehicle, ready to navigate the cosmic expanse.

The voyage from Earth to the moon is estimated to take approximately a month, with the highly anticipated landing scheduled for the 23rd of August. Once Vikram successfully touches down, it will begin its mission, operating for one lunar day, which equates to approximately 14 Earth days. The moon\’s surface will become a playground for Vikram, Pragyan rover, and a propulsion module, as they unravel the mysteries and conduct scientific experiments.

Notably, Chandrayaan-3 comprises three vital components: the lander, the rover, and the propulsion module. Utilizing the existing Orbiter from its predecessor, Chandrayaan-2, the mission aims to build upon previous achievements and capitalize on the knowledge gained from previous lunar explorations.


In a pioneering move, India\’s moon craft, Vikram, is set to touch down in the enigmatic South Pole of the moon. This region holds particular significance due to the discovery of water molecules during India\’s maiden moon mission in 2008, which astounded the world with its implications.

LVM3 M4/Chandrayaan-3 Mission:
LVM3 M4 vehicle🚀 successfully launched Chandrayaan-3🛰️ into orbit.

— ISRO (@isro) July 14, 2023

With utmost care and precision, Vikram is designed to accomplish a safe and gentle landing. Upon touchdown, it will unleash the rover, Pragyan, enabling it to traverse the lunar terrain for a full lunar day, equivalent to 14 earthly revolutions. Pragyan\’s primary purpose is to conduct an array of scientific experiments, further expanding our understanding of the moon\’s composition and environment.

Chandrayaan-3 emerges on the scene four years after its predecessor faced challenges, losing communication with the ground crew just moments before its planned landing. Determined to overcome past setbacks, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has implemented a series of enhancements and modifications to ensure a successful mission this time around.

ISRO Chief S Somnath shed light on the improvements, stating, \”The main lacuna in the last Chandrayaan-2 mission was that off-nominal conditions were initiated in the system. Everything was not nominal, and the craft was not able to handle the off-nominal condition for a safe landing.\” ISRO\’s rigorous efforts have been focused on addressing these issues, leaving no stone unturned in their pursuit of excellence.

Here\’s what the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi says,

14th July 2023 will always be etched in golden letters as far as India’s space sector is concerned. Chandrayaan-3, our third lunar mission, will embark on its journey. This remarkable mission will carry the hopes and dreams of our nation.

— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) July 14, 2023

Chandrayaan-3, the third lunar exploration mission undertaken by the Indian Space Research Organisation, promises to be a groundbreaking endeavor. With its lander, rover, and propulsion module working in unison, India aspires to unlock new frontiers in lunar exploration and contribute significantly to our understanding of the celestial world beyond.

Watch Chandrayaan 3 Launch Streamed Live on YouTube

To summarize Chandrayaan 3

  1. Chandrayaan-3, India\’s third lunar exploration mission, has taken off from Sriharikota.
  2. The mission aims to achieve a controlled landing on the moon, making India the fourth country to accomplish this feat.
  3. Vikram, the moon lander, will attempt a safe landing in the moon\’s South Pole, known for the presence of water molecules.
  4. The lander will release the rover Pragyan, which will conduct scientific experiments on the moon\’s surface for a lunar day.
  5. Chandrayaan-3 utilizes the Orbiter from its predecessor, Chandrayaan-2, and includes a lander, rover, and propulsion module.
  6. ISRO has made significant improvements to ensure the success of this mission and overcome past challenges.
  7. The journey from Earth to the moon will take approximately a month, with the expected landing on August 23, 2023.

Technical Specifications of Chandrayaan 3

  • Start date: 14 July 2023
  • Rocket: LVM3 M4
  • Bus: Chandrayaan
  • Launch mass: 3900 kg
  • Manufacturer: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  • Power: Propulsion Module: 758 W, Lander Module: 738W, WS with Bias Rover: 50W
  • Spacecraft component: Rover

Here\’s more about space exploration history and the future. Know more about what\’s happening in space.

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